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How to create Geodatabases?

personal Geodatabase

Follow these steps to establish a personal geodatabase that is compatible with the same release as the ArcGIS for Desktop client you are utilizing:

  1. To start a new personal geodatabase in ArcCatalog, right-click the file folder in the Catalog tree.
  2. Indicate the New.
  3. Select Personal Geodatabase.
    In the area you chose, a personal geodatabase is built.

4. For this personal geodatabase, enter a new name (My Personal GDB).

To create a file geodatabase
from a connection to a folder
To build a file geodatabase in a folder using ArcGIS for Desktop, adhere to these steps:

  1. Click New, select File Geodatabase, and then right-click the folder where you wish to build the file geodatabase.
    In the area you chose, a file geodatabase is created.

2. Enter a new name (My File GDB) for this individual geodatabase.

Start the Create File GDB program.

You can generate a file geodatabase that matches to an earlier version of ArcGIS by using the Create File GDB geoprocessing tool. This enables you to share data with users of earlier versions of ArcGIS who might not be able to access more recent geodatabase releases.

  1. Launch ArcGIS for Desktop and click on the Create File GDB.
    You can open the tool directly from the Workspace toolset of the Data Management toolbox or use the search to locate it.
  1. Indicate the path of the folder where the file geodatabase should be created.
  2. Enter a name for the geodatabase (My File GDB V10).
  3. Select the ArcGIS version that the file geodatabase will be in.
  4. The geodatabase’s capabilities will be constrained by the release you select.
  5. To launch the tool, click OK.
  6. In the place you provided, a file geodatabase is produced.

To build a Enterprise geodatabase
The Construct Enterprise Geodatabase geoprocessing tool allows you to create a database, geodatabase administrator, and enterprise geodatabase in a Microsoft SQL Server.
Requirements
You are the database administrator and geodatabase administrator, thus you must be familiar with the passwords for both logins. You have SQL Server installed and the instance configured.
For your geodatabase to be authorized, you need an ArcGIS Server keycodes file.
Start the tool to create an enterprise geodatabase.
To generate the geodatabase, you can use a geoprocessing tool if you have access to ArcGIS for Desktop.
Start ArcCatalog first.

  1. Find the Create Enterprise Geodatabase tool and launch it.
  2. From the Database Platform drop-down menu, select SQL Server.
  3. In the Instance text box, enter the name of the SQL Server instance to which you will connect.
  4. Check Operating System Authentication to sign in using a sysadmin operating system-authenticated login. To utilize this option, Windows must be logged in with the proper login.
  5. o In the Database Administrator text box, enter the sysadmin user name, and in the Database Administrator Password text box, enter the appropriate password.
  6. Decide which schema will house the geodatabase:
    o Select Sde Owned Schema if you want the user sde to be the geodatabase administrator and the geodatabase to be stored in the sde user’s schema.
    o Uncheck Sde Owned Schema if you want the dbo user to be the geodatabase administrator and the geodatabase to be stored in the dbo schema.
  7. Type the name of the database where you wish to store your geodatabase in the Database text box.
    It will be created if a database by that name doesn’t already exist in the SQL Server instance. The geodatabase will be kept in the database you select if it already does so.
  8. Log in as a system administrator to SQL Server. This can be done by either entering a database user name and password for an administrator fixed server role or by using an operating system-authenticated login that is a member of that role in SQL Server.

The Geodatabase Administrator Password text box is where you should enter the geodatabase administrator’s password.
As this tool won’t change the password, make sure you enter the right password for the existing user if the geodatabase administrator you selected already exists in the database.

10. Select the keycodes file that was generated when you approved ArcGIS for Server Enterprise in order to provide an authorization file.
On Windows servers, this file is written to the “Program Files” folder under “ESRI Licenses.” Authorize ArcGIS for Server to produce this file right now if you haven’t previously.

11. Press OK to start the tool.
If you didn’t provide an existing database, a database and log files are created at the default SQL Server location.The database produces a geodatabase. Choosing a sde-schema

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