This book discusses the fundamentals of modeling geographical data, with a focus on three-dimensional (3D) modeling and structure. The development of a “true” 3D GIS spatial system requires a lot of work, and in certain countries, work is being done at several research facilities and institutions.
This book focuses on the advancement of spatial data modeling for 3D objects. The core ideas, the implementation, and a few applications created based on the principles are covered at the book’s outset along with certain issues and motives. The intended audience for the book includes a variety of geoinformation-related professions, including GIS engineers, GIS software developers, photogrammetrists, land surveyors, mapping experts, researchers, postgraduate students, and instructors.